SCOUTS - Be Prepared


Health and safety

Know the water safety rules and the appropriate precautions to be taken when fishing from a boat. Understand the dangers of wading in fresh water and shore fishing in the sea and the precautions to be taken. Know the basic hygiene precautions to take when fishing. Angling craft

  1. Go fishing in fresh or salt water on at least six occasions in three months. Keep a record of, or discuss with the assessor, these fishing trips showing numbers, species and size of fish caught, method, tackle and bait used, weather and water conditions.
  2. Explain the signs of fish stress and know the Environment Agency Emergency Hotline number.
Waterside awareness
  1. Know who to inform if they see poaching, pollution or fish in distress and the emergency telephone number.
  2. From observation in the wild, or from photographs or sketches, identify an otter, water vole, heron, cormorant and kingfisher.
  3. Explain why water plants are important.
  4. Show consideration for other water users.
Tackle and techniques
  1. Understand why it is important to discard used tackle appropriately.
  2. Choose one of the following three activities:
    1. Cast with beach fishing tackle a measured 45 metres.
    2. Cast a ledger and float tackle into a one metre circle at least three times out of six at nine metres range.
    3. Cast a trout fly on a fly line 11 metres into a three metre circle hitting the circle three times out of eight.
  3. Demonstrate how to set up one of the following sets of terminal tackle:
    1. Waggler rig
    2. Swimfeeder rig
    3. Fly cast
    4. Spinning rig
    5. Shore fishing rig
    6. Beachcasting rig
  4. Explain the importance of:
    • Handling fish with care and releasing them carefully.
    • Using a lower strength hook link when coarse, game or sea fishing.
  5. Explain the importance of one of the following two activities:
    1. Setting a keepnet correctly.
    2. How to use a priest to despatch fish quickly.
Know your fish
  1. Be able to identify each of the species in one of the following groups:
    1. Bass, cod, flounder, grey mullet and mackerel.
    2. Roach, perch, chub, common carp and tench.
    3. Grayling, brown trout, rainbow trout and salmon.
  2. Have knowledge of the habitat and feeding behaviour of the fish identified and know suitable baits, flies, and lures and hook sizes.
Administration and law
  1. Know the dates of the freshwater closed seasons and size limits of salt-water fish or freshwater fish or both in the areas in which they fish.
  2. Be able to explain why licences and permits are required for fishing and know the age at which a national rod licence is required.
  3. Know who the local fishing club is and any waters they may control.